How has Internet Peering evolved over the past ten years?

The Internet Peering Ecosystem in the U.S. has changed significantly from 1987 to 2000, and even more significantly from 2000 to 2012. Much of this is documented in "The Evolution of the U.S. Peering Ecosystem" but you will also find some interesting differences between the U.S. Internet Peering Ecosystem and those found across Asia as described in "The Asia Pacific Peering Guidebook" where I document how peering in Asia is different from peering elsewhere in the world. Note that this work was done around 2006 and much has changed since then, but from this document you will learn some of the dimensions of differences as you build into other peering ecosystems.

If I was to generalize, I would say that we have seen churn in the U.S. Internet Peering Ecosystem as the result of these trends:

  1. The Internet Transit prices have dropped
  2. so Internet Peering is a more tenuous value proposition from a purely financial value proposition
  3. and as a result, many (that do the math) are churning out of the peering ecosystem and simply purchasing Internet Transit.
  4. New entrants into the Internet Peering Ecosystem are bringing with them new demands on the cost-benefit analysis for Internet Peering
  5. since Internet Peering can work better, it is OK if it costs more
  6. and these emerging participants into the Internet Peering Ecosystem are proving their business case for peering not using financial math but from the performance benefits
  7. The access networks that cater to these interests are charging for paid peering


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The 2014 Internet Peering Playbook is now available on the iPad at the Apple Store and for the Amazon Kindle. The Kindle, ePub and PDF form are also perpetually updated on the DrPeering DropBox share.